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Economic and Policy Response to Coronavirus

IMF Update on Policy Actions in Romania

The following information is copied straight from the IMF for your convenience. Also, find it here: https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-covid19/Policy-Responses-to-COVID-19#R

 

Summary: The first case of COVID-19 was reported on February 26, 2020. The government has implemented a range of measures to delay the spread of coronavirus and to support people, jobs, and businesses. This includes declaring national emergency, increased testing, social distancing measures, including the closure of schools and entertainment as well as travel and domestic movement restrictions, and capping prices of fuel and utilities. The Q1 2020 GDP growth slowed to 2.4 percent year-on-year, but remained stronger so far than most other EU countries.

Reopening of the economy. The gradual reopening started on May 15th. In a first stage, hairdressers, libraries, dentist practices, small shops and museums were reopened, and people can leave their homes without a sworn statement regarding the purposes of traveling (still required for travel outside cities). The second round of relaxation measures was implemented on June 1st, by lifting restrictions for travel outside cities, resuming international vehicle and train transportation, allowing outdoor sports competition (without public) and outdoor concerts under special conditions, opening terraces and beaches. Starting June 15th, international travel to certain countries has been resumed without mandatory quarantine/self-isolation upon return, shopping malls (except food areas and cinemas), gyms and kindergartens have been opened. Restaurants and bars will remain closed. After May 15, it is compulsory to wear masks in enclosed spaces in public, such as shops and in public transport. Schools remained closed for the remainder of the school year, except eight- and twelve-grade students who are facing graduation exams. . The national alert period which started May 15th has been extended to August 16th. Following the increase in the number of new cases, new prevention measures will become effective as of August 1st:, including mandatory wearing of masks in certain open spaces and limited hours for outdoor restaurants and clubs.

 
Key Policy Responses as of August 2, 2020
FISCAL
  • Key tax and spending measures announced so far about 2 percent of 2019 GDP include (i) additional funds for the healthcare system, (ii) covering partially the wages of parents staying home for the period the schools are closed, and (iii) measures to support businesses including covering in part the wages of self-employed and workers in danger of being laid off for an initial period of one month, deferral of utilities payments for SMEs. In addition, the government has provided RON15 billions of guarantees—equivalent to 1.5 percent of GDP—for loan guarantees and subsidized interest for working capital and investment of SMEs. A new guarantee scheme of about RON 1.5 billion  (0.15 percent of GDP ) was adopted to support the procurement of work equipment by SMEs. Other measures include faster reimbursement of VAT, suspending foreclosures on overdue debtors, suspending tax authorities’ control, discounts for paying corporate income taxes, postponement of property tax by three months, exempting the hospitality industry from the specific tax for 90 days.  See also: https://www.mfinante.gov.ro/pagina.html?categoriebunuri=covid19&pagina=acasa (Romanian only). On July 1st , the government announced the continuation  of the previously adopted measures by three more months, as well as a new stimulus package. See also:  https://gov.ro/ro/obiective/strategii-politici-programe/planul-national-de-investitii-i-relansare-economica&page=1 (Romanian only).

 
MONETARY AND MACRO-FINANCIAL
  • Key measures include: (i) reducing the monetary policy rate by 0.75 percentage points to 1.75 percent; (ii) narrowing the corridor defined by interest rates on standing facilities around the monetary policy rate to ±0.5 percentage points from ±1.0 percentage points; (iii) providing liquidity to credit institutions via repo transactions (repurchase transactions in government securities); (iv) purchasing government securities on the secondary market; and (v) operational measures to ensure the smooth functioning of payment and settlement systems. The repo transactions stand at around RON 29 billion in the period from March to June, while the total volume of government securities purchased on the secondary market exceeded lei 4 billion as of June 2020. See also: https://bnro.ro/page.aspx?prid=17958 and https://bnro.ro/Regular-publications-2504.aspx. In addition, the Government has issued legislation that banks will defer loan repayments for households and businesses affected by COVID-19 for up to nine months. The European Central Bank has set up a euro repo line with Romania’s central bank worth a maximum of €4.5 billion ($5.1 billion). See also: https://www.bnr.ro/NBR-measures-in-the-context-of-the-COVID-19-epidemic--21313.aspx .

 
EXCHANGE RATE AND BALANCE OF PAYMENTS
  • Foreign exchange intervention has been undertaken to smooth excessive volatility and stabilize the exchange rate in order to protect financial stability (see IMF Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions, June 2020.

Romanian COVID Tracking by Bables-Bolyia University Economics Club, Cluj, Romania: https://econ.ubbcluj.ro/coronavirus/

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